Kavkazgeolsyomka was established in 1955 to perform regional, geophysical, geochemical, hydrogeological, and specific surveys in the North Caucasus to provide geological information required to the state. It is located in Yessentuki (Stavropol Region) and is the primary enterprise at the holding company to conduct regional surveys in the South and North Caucasian Federal Districts.
The enterprise performs its activities in the south of the European part of the Russian Federation and covers the North Caucasian District with nine federal subjects (Adygea, Dagestan, Ingushetia, Kabardino-Balkar Republic, Karachay–Cherkess Republic, North Ossetia–Alania, Chechen Republic, Stavropol and Krasnodar Regions), as well as the Rostov, Volgograd, Astrakhan Regions, and the Republic of Kalmykia.
State-of-the-art techniques are widely used by the enterprise in performing regional surveys (geodynamic analysis, geoinformation systems, etc.). The company finances the scientific and technical library and the geological archive. The results of works performed by the company are annually published in the Russian and regional press.
The enterprise is furnished with modern geological and navigation equipment, communication means, high-precision analytical devices (including precision tools), and hardware. The geological and geophysical service includes over 30 highly qualified geologists, geoscientists, hydrogeologists, and geoecologists. The laboratory employs over 20 chemists, mineralogists, and other experts.
Available vehicles, power and mechanical equipment, as well as the maintenance service ensure the implementation of all types of exploration works and laboratory studies. Kavkazgeolsyomka liaises with the leading scientific and research institutions of the Russian Federation, among which are Moscow State University (MSU), Karpinsky Russian Geological Research Institute (VSEGEI), Institute of Ore Geology, Petrography, Mineralogy, and Geochemistry of the Russian Academy of Sciences (IGEM RAN), Geological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences (GIN RAN), Palaeontology Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences (PIN RAN), Institute of Precambrian Geology and Geochronology of the Russian Academy of Sciences (IGGD RAN), South Russian State Technical University (YuRTGU), and others.
The Central Testing Laboratory at Kavkazgeolsyomka (Accreditation Certificate No. ROSS RU.0001.510717 issued by the Federal Agency for Technical Regulating and Metrology) carries out a wide range of laboratory studies. It comprises of six specialized divisions, including the spectral assaying laboratory, chemical and analytical laboratory, mineral and petrographic laboratory, technological and engineering geological laboratory, crushing facility, and maintenance group.
For over 50 years, the multiple regional geological and geophysical surveys carried out by the company’s specialists have resulted in essential changes towards understanding the geological structure of the North Caucasus, and also made a significant contribution to the development of region’s mineral resources by identifying new promising occurrences of lead, zinc, copper, mercury, strontium, and other minerals, and evaluating prospective areas in the region.
The company developed the methods to assess seismic and geodynamic conditions of the geological environment and seismic hazards at the seismically active areas of the North Caucasus at various stages of seismic deformational processes. It also studied dynamic characteristics of the hydrogeological deformational, pulsing electromagnetic, seismic, and gas hydrochemical fields and determined the seismicity impact on the hydrochemical situation at the Caucasian Spas. Over the years of its operation, the enterprise has drawn up over 500 reports on various aspects of geology, metallogeny, and minerals, as well as geophysical and geochemical surveys.